Social security

Living in Europe, Working in Europe | Entry conditions/visas | Sweden

Social insurance is an important part of the Swedish social security system. Swedish social insurance covers most people who live or work in Sweden. The social insurance system is administered by the Swedish Social Insurance Agency (Försäkringskassan). The purpose of the social insurance system is to provide financial security during the various stages of life. It provides financial protection for families and children – for example, for people with disabilities, illnesses, work injuries, and for old people.

To be eligible for social insurance benefits, you must, as a general rule; either formally reside in Sweden or be employed and work here.


You are automatically covered at all times. More information at

If you will stay in Sweden for more than one year, you are covered as soon as you register as a resident with the Tax Office (Skatteverket). Your entitlement to some benefits (for example, sickness benefit) depends on whether or not you are working and paying taxes in Sweden. If you will stay for less than one year, bring a EHIC card from your home country.

If you will stay for less than one year in Sweden, you cannot be listed in the Swedish civil registry, which renders you ineligible for Swedish healthcare benefits. In this case you also need to make arrangements for health insurance cover for the duration of your stay in Sweden before you arrive, either with an insurance company in your home country or else through an arrangement with the institution at which you will be working in Sweden. The universities in Sweden can obtain insurance from the public authority Kammarkollegiet (GIF insurance for foreign employees).

However, foreign citizens may be eligible for medical benefits under certain conditions. Check with your home Social Security or Insurance Office before you leave.

If you are planning to stay in Sweden at least one year, you must generally be entered into the Swedish population register. You do this by registering with the Swedish Tax Agency.

Swedish Tax Agency ( opens in a new window

Right to healthcare

Once you are registered in Sweden and when you have received a personal number, you are entitled to healthcare under the same conditions as other residents. This means that you pay the regular Swedish patient fee for medical care in the public healthcare system.

Insured in Sweden

If you live and pay taxes in Sweden, you are generally insured in Sweden. This means that you may be entitled to different types of compensation from Försäkringskassan. You need to register with the Social Insurance Agency to apply for a benefit. For more information see the Social Insurance Agency's website. If you are bringing your children, we recommend you to contact the Social Insurance Agency upon arrival.

Insured at the university

As an employee in Sweden you are covered by a number of different types of insurance. . Contact your employer to find out more.